The state law requires that all employers have a system for providing digital interactive annual sexual harassment training by Oct. 9. The city, meanwhile, required that employers start offering harassment training this past April 1, with a mandate that all employees complete the annual training within 12 months.
“What New York City employers need to understand is they are part of both the city and state and need to ensure they comply with both requirements,” said Andrew Rawson, chief learning officer for Traliant, a company that offers interactive sexual harassment training.
The laws follow mostly similar guidelines, he noted. They require employers to conduct the training annually. That training must include an interactive element, such as situational prompts.
But there are some small differences. City law requires that new employees receive training within 90 days, while state law requires only that training be provided to new employees “as soon as possible.”
Most significantly, New York City requires that employees are trained on how to intervene as bystanders to potential harassment—a requirement Rawson says does not exist in any other state or in federal guidelines.
Both the city and the state offer free online training. The city Human Rights Commission says its training also complies with the state requirements.
“A lot of employers are using digital interactive training, which is absolutely fine as long as the portal asks you questions,” said Richard Greenberg, a principal in the New York office of employment law firm Jackson Lewis. “Those can be offered by third parties, insurance companies, law firms. I’m interested to see a year from now in surveys what percentage used each different option.”
Traliant launched in 2016 and has grown to more than 60 employees and 2,000 customers in the past three years, Rawson said. That includes both mom-and-pops and major corporations.
“Many national and global companies that used to do this training internally have given up and said it is no longer our core competency to keep track of the city laws, state laws,” said Rawson, whose company’s list of clients includes Hilton International.
Neither the city nor the state have set penalties for companies that fail to comply with training, but those firms would likely face increased liability if an employee reports harassment.
A spokeswoman for the city’s Commission on Human Rights says the city’s goal “is not to penalize employers and businesses, rather, we want to encourage them to bring themselves up to compliance and we want to reach as many employers about this as possible.” She added that the city has worked with business improvement districts and chambers of commerce to spread the word about the new requirements.
New York is not the only state with new requirements for employers. Since 2017, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois and Maine have instituted or expanded statewide requirements that employees receive anti–sexual harassment training.
Earlier this year, New York state passed additional legislation aimed at combating workplace sexual harassment. The laws reduce the standard for what can be considered harassment, expand the statute of limitations for claims and crack down on when non-disclosure agreements are permissible, among other changes.
As the deadlines approach for the training requirements, attorneys and workplace management experts are reminding employers that preventing sexual harassment in the workplace requires efforts beyond training.